Research & Awards


Government and scientific publications supporting our shark repellent technology:

  • U.S. Department of Commerce -  Bycatch Reduction report to Congress (pg.18-21): View Report
    • Shark Defense Technologies and Key West Community College awarded a $234,311 grant to develop chemical shark repellent product in the field. 
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)  publication (pages 43-50): NOAA Report
  • Ocean & Coastal Management publication (Note: paper represents five years of analytical chemistry and field work): View Scientific Publication
  • Additional research documents: Research


10 Government & Academic Grants– NOAA, National Science Foundation

Institutional Grants- Michigan State, Save Our Seas Foundation

20+ scientific journals

2 time winner of WWF international SmartGear competition

Great Lakes Commission and non-profit organizations.

  • Previous first place and recent 2014 1st runner up for the WWF International Smartgear Competition
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration awarded grant awarded to Shark Defense in this NOAA Publication
    • Shark Defense successfully used the chemical shark repellent to reduce shark by-catch by 71%.
  • 2009. Saltonstall-Kennedy Grant Program, FY 2009. “Process for Converting Shark Discards into a Shark Bycatch Reduction Technology”.
  • 2010. Great Lakes Fishery Commission. Development of a Putrefaction-Derived Repellent for the Sea Lamprey.
  • 2010. Michigan State University, Center for Water Sciences Venture Grant.
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences article mention

Species Tested

Note: This is not the complete list of species
  • Atlantic Sharpnose
  • Blacknose Shark
  • Blacktip Reef Shark
  • Bull Shark
  • Carribean Reef Shark
  • Lemon Shark
  • Nurse Shark
  • Southern Stingray
  • Tiger Sharks
  • Blue Shark
  • Cow Nosed Ray
  • Great Hammerhead
  • Smooth Dogfish
  • Spiny Dogfish
  • Spotted Wobbegong


Note: There are numerous other patents, especially patents from other countries that are not listed below

  • US20090038205 -- Elasmobranch-repelling magnets and methods of use: View Patent
  • US2012085018 -- Elasmobranch-repelling magneto-electropositive fishing hook View Patent
  • US20100203154 -- Elasmobranch-Repelling Compounds, Methods of Use and Devices: View Patent
  • US2010016346 -- Elasmobranch-Repelling Compounds and methods of use View Patent
  • US2007256623 -- Elasmobranch-repelling electropositive metals and methods of useView Patent
  • US9084415B2 - Elasmobranch-repelling magnets and methods of use: View Patent